1. WHAT is CBD and WHERE does it come from?
A. What is CBD exactly?
CBD, (short for cannabidiol), is a chemical, non-psychoactive compound, that is coming from the Cannabis Sativa plant and it has amazing health benefits. There always seems to be a confusion around the terms cannabis, marijuana and hemp, so we are gonna try to clear that up a little bit. Cannabis sativa has two primary species, marijuana and hemp. Both of them contain high amount of CBD. The main difference is the level of THC (short for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) they produce. While in marijuana you can find both CBD and THC, Hemp contains minimal amount of THC (under 0.3%). So hemp effects only your body, and marijuana is the mind and body high. But we are not done just yet, nature and science allows us to alter this plants and its compounds the way it fits us most. Probably when you start to look into CBD products you will find the terms full spectrum CBD, board spectrum CBD or entourage effect staring at you. Don’t get intimidated by them, it’s actually fairly easy to understand what they mean.
B. How is CBD extracted?
CBD products are mostly extracted from hemp. CO2 extraction uses pressurized carbon dioxide to take as many desirable cannabinoids from a hemp or cannabis plant as possible. Once broken down by the solvent’s chemical reaction, cannabinoids can be separated and used to create medically valuable cannabis infusions. The practical benefit of this approach is that the manufacturer can choose exactly which cannabinoid compounds—and how much—make their way into the final product. Supercritical CO2 is used in CBD extraction, because its gas properties allow it to effuse through all plant matter, while its liquid properties allow it to capture compounds efficiently. Carbon dioxide has the most reliable link with the process which is known as supercritical fluid extraction. It is the process of using supercritical fluids to separate one component from another.
C. Is CBD legal?
CBD oil can come from both hemp or marijuana. The legality of CBD in the United States depends on whether it is derived from industrial hemp or marijuana plants. Following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp-derived CBD products containing less than 0.3% THC became legal. Marijuana-derived CBD remains illegal under federal law but it is available in states that have legalized marijuana for medical and adult-use. You need to do your research to see what rules apply to the area where you live, but many companies source their Cannabidiol from industrial hemp plants to avoid legal issues from using THC-rich marijuana strains.
D. In what shape or form can CBD be taken?
CBD is available in several different forms. When you look around you will find oils and tinctures, creams and lotions, capsules, edibles and vaping. The fastest way to experience the effect of CBD is through inhaling it. If vaping is not your thing the liquids are the second fastest way. The oral mucosa is full of tiny capillaries that absorb the compounds quickly. CBD capsules and pills are used for systemic treatment of seizures and digestive issues. With topicals you treat muscle and joint pain, or different skin conditions.
E. What is CBD good for?
Modern Medicine is all about prescription drugs and manufactured medicines, but this can't be the only way to heal the body. We believe in the healing power of nature, that plants have all the benefits we need for a balanced and healthier life. No doubt that CBD is a super cool wellness product at the moment with many claimed health benefits. There is plenty of ongoing researches without a sure conclusion, but the world still believes that CBD is the answer for many health issues. It may help with pain management, inflammation, anxiety, depression, improves sleeping, just to mention a few. If you feel lost around the topic or where to start hopefully you will find some answers here.
F. HOW much to take? Can CBD be overdosed?
CBD does not have an official serving size, so you need to consider a few things before you choose your product. The concentration of CBD, your body weight, your body chemistry, the severity of the condition being treated. Since CBD is non-psychoactive you have got plenty of space to experiment. If you are unsure you can always consult with a doctor. Otherwise the best advise is to start small, see how it effects you and from there you can increase your dosage. About overdosing: CBD is not addictive or habit-forming in any way. We are talking about a natural substance that indirectly activates our cannabinoid receptors without actually binding to them. It is believed to increase the body’s natural ability to produce its own endocannabinoids over time. The more endocannabinoids the body naturally produces, the less CBD you’ll need to get symptom relief.
2. WHAT is the difference between CBD and THC?
A. A. Do you need THC to activate CBD?
Basically you don’t need THC to activate CBD, however the compounds of Cannabis Sativa (cannabinoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, and omega fatty acids) work synergistically with each other and are more effective when they are found together versus when they are isolated. This is commonly referred to as the entourage effect.
B. How is the effect of CBD different from THC?
CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) are both chemical compounds of the same plant with a very similar structure. Despite the similarity they have different psychoactive effects. CBD is non-psychoactive and it doesn’t cause the euphoric feeling that occur with THC (head high). Instead it generates a sense of ease or relaxation in your body, without altering your mind. (body high).
C. What are some of the health benefits of CBD?
CBD may treat many medical conditions and it is used as an anti-psychotic. It supports the immune system. ANTI-INFLAMMATORY – Cannabidiol as an emergent therapeutic strategy for lessening the impact of inflammation on oxidative stress. ANXIETY – Whit its calming effect CBD helps in curing anxiety. PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS – Cannabidiol reduces psychiatric patients symptoms. EPILEPSY – CBD demonstrated the ability to reduce or even eliminate seizures. CHRONIC PAIN – CBD oil shows promise as a treatment for arthritis pain. Researchers believe it affects receptors in the brain and immune system. CANCER – There have been a number of reports which have shown that CBD can inhibit cancer cell invasion, adhesion and migration. DIABETES – CBD helps in the development of insulin resistance.
3. HEMP or CANNABIS? Differences and similarities
A. What is the difference between HEMP and CANNABIS?
Both cannabis and hemp produce CBD. The CBD molecule is identical regardless of its cannabis source. However, from a legal perspective, CBD products derived from hemp and derived from cannabis are entirely different. Cannabis sourced CBD products, even with 0% THC, are illegal at a federal level. Hemp contains 0.3% THC or less. With so little THC, hemp doesn’t have intoxicating effects and it can be used to create products such as textiles, building materials, industrial products, paper, foods, and body care. It is typically grown outdoors to maximize the size and yield of the plant. Hemp doesn’t require the same rigorous attention to lighting, humidity, and temperature that cannabis requires, and it can be grown in a range of different climates. The plants tend to be tall and skinny. Cannabis contains 0.3% THC or more. It is used for recreational or medicinal purposes. Generally grown in carefully managed and controlled conditions. Cannabis requires precise exposure to light in order to flower. Its buds contain the valuable, potent compounds cannabis is famed for. It appears bushy, with large, full foliage.
B. Is there a difference between CBD form HEMP and CBD from CANNABIS?
This would be a yes and no. Both cannabis and hemp produce CBD. The CBD molecule is identical regardless of its cannabis source. However, from a legal perspective, CBD products derived from hemp and derived from cannabis are entirely different. Cannabis sourced CBD products, even with 0% THC, are illegal at a federal level.
C. Is there a difference between CBD OIL and HEMP OIL?
The quick answer is yes, there is definitely a difference: CBD oil is made from the leaves, flowers, and stalk of the hemp plant—the only part of the plant where cannabidiol is found. Hemp oil on the other hand is made from hempseeds and this hempseed oil does not contain any CBD, but they still have a rich profile of nutrients, fatty acids, and useful bioactive compounds that can also have health benefits. For example Hempseed oil is excellent for cooking, but it has none of the same benefits as hemp-derived CBD oil. Another key difference is that by regulation, pure hemp oil only can have less than 0.3% Delta-9 THC by volume, whereas oil made from industrial hemp doesn’t contain cannabinoids.
D. WHAT are terpenes?
Terpenes are a large class of molecules, aromatic compounds that are produced by many species of plants, though many people commonly associate them with cannabis because cannabis plants contain high concentrations of them. There are more than 20,000 terpenes in existence and at least 100 produced by the cannabis plant. These fragrant compounds create the characteristic scent of many plants, such as cannabis, pine, and lavender, as well as fresh orange peel. The aroma of most plants is due to a combination of terpenes. In nature, these terpenes protect the plants from animal grazing or infectious germs. It appears most but not all of terpenes may have antioxidant effect, others show anti-fungal, antibacterial or antispasmodic properties. Each terpene has its own therapeutic properties and many of them positively interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. As regulations surrounding cannabis become less strict, there are more and more research studying its possible benefits.
4. HOW to choose the right CBD for ME?
A. What CBD is right for me? What is the most efficient?
Full Spectrum CBD oil contains all compounds, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. In Broad Spectrum CBD goods all the essentials are preserved but THC is completely isolated. Broad Spectrum products still deliver the entourage effect without the risk of getting high. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, which is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids and other cannabinoids. Isolates will not deliver the entourage effect, but they can be useful if you need to take high dosage of CBD without a risk of showing up on a drug test.
B. How can I make sure I get the best quality CBD product??
The answer is easy: Third party lab testing. The CBD market is extremely saturated and highly unregulated. Literally anyone can start to produce CBD, and cheap products are contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, or other harmful ingredients. The entire purpose of third-party or independent lab testing is to provide an unbiased analysis of CBD products. Usually the manufacturer sends a sample of their products to a separate testing company. This company will run its own tests and provide the results, indicating the quality, purity, and potency of the sample.